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Psychology of Learning

Exam III Review

 

Chapter 9 (18 questions)

Reasons people forget

Characteristics of sensory, short-term, and long-term memory

Repression theory

Fading theory

Interference theory

Mnemonic devices

Acrostic devices

Chunking

Levels of processing – orthographic, phonological, and semantic

Characteristics of long-term memory

Explicit vs. implicit memories

 

Chapter 10 (20 questions)

 

Description of instincts

Imprinting

Maslow’s hierarchy

Drive reduction

Yerkes-Dodson Law

Strategies of cognitive dissonance

Attributional styles

Need for achievement

Locus of control

Self-efficacy and its 4 components

Seligman’s explanatory styles

Arousal theory

Expectancy-Value theory and its 4 components

 

Chapter 11 (12 questions)

 

Social Cognitive Theory

Processes of observational learning (attentional, retentional, motor reproduction, and motivational)

Imitation

Behavioral control systems

Agentic perspective and major components (intentionality, forethought, and self-reflection)

The role of self-efficacy

Inhibitory and disinhibitory effects

Direct and vicarious reinforcement

Modeling