Writing and Assembling an APA-Format Research Report
Lecture, Chapter 14
Sections of the APA-format Paper
Includes manuscript page header, page number, running head, authors, and affiliations.
Manuscript page header
Author’s institutional affiliation double-spaced below title, centered.
Level 1 title: centered, upper and lower case
Brief description of the paper and the research conducted.
No more than 120 words, 1 paragraph, no indentation
Level 1 title, exactly the same as on page 1, or title page
Cite all sources of information and list full reference in references section
Level 1 title called “Methods.”
Should be clear and specific enough that another researcher could replicate your study by simply reading your paper.
Inferential statistics – Assume your reader is knowledgeable in statistics; include test used, df for test, test statistics, probability level, and effect size.
Descriptive statistics – means and standard deviations; text or table, depending on # groups used.
Figure – pictorial presentation of data analysis results
Table – display of numerical data
Summary – briefly restate significant findings.
All sources must be cited; all citations must be listed in the reference page.
Chapters from edited books
Note: new format for unpublished manuscript references (changed in 2001).
Appendix – use level 1 heading; not common in published papers
1 – centered, bold, upper and lower case
2 – flush left, bold, upper and lower case
3 – indented, bold, lowercase paragraph heading ending with “.”
4 – indented, bold, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with “.”
5 – indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with “.”